Publication Ethics

  1. Originality and Plagiarism: Authors must ensure that their work is original and has not been published elsewhere. Plagiarism in any form, including self-plagiarism, is unethical and unacceptable.
  2. Authorship: Authorship should be limited to those who have made significant contributions to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the study. All co-authors should be listed and should have approved the final version of the paper and agreed to its submission for publication.
  3. Conflict of Interest: Authors should disclose any potential conflicts of interest that could be perceived as influencing the research or its interpretation. This includes financial, personal, or professional relationships that could bias the work.
  4. Data Integrity and Transparency: Authors should accurately present their research findings and provide sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the study. Fabrication, falsification, or selective reporting of data is unethical and unacceptable.
  5. Acknowledgment of Sources: Authors must properly acknowledge the work of others by citing relevant sources. Any information or ideas obtained from other researchers, whether published or unpublished, should be appropriately credited.
  6. Ethical Treatment of Subjects: Research involving human subjects or animals must adhere to ethical guidelines and receive approval from relevant institutional review boards or ethics committees. Informed consent must be obtained from all participants, and their privacy and confidentiality should be protected.
  7. Review Process: Reviewers should conduct their evaluations objectively and provide constructive feedback to help improve the quality of the research. They should disclose any conflicts of interest and maintain the confidentiality of the peer review process.
  8. Editorial Independence: Editors should evaluate submitted manuscripts based on their academic merit, relevance, and originality, without regard to the authors' identity, affiliations, or other personal characteristics. Editorial decisions should not be influenced by commercial considerations or personal relationships.